Why does Institutional Development Matter for MENA's Manufacturing Sector?

This policy paper by Mahmoud Araissi and Ali Fakih explores the need for institutional (financial, governance, legal) development to enhance the capacity, quality and the competiveness of the manufacturing sector.


The manufacturing sector is the largest contributor to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region when measured in terms of the percentage of firms operating in the economy.


Reforms aiming at improving the efficiency of the financial institutions and the enactment and enforcement of labor and corporate laws usually need to persist over a prolonged period of time to have a strong effect on the growth of the MENA manufacturing sector (Arayssi and Fakih, 2015). 


Click here to read the full paper in English.

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